LPAN Project Overview
The Mamantel/Panlao mangrove conservation and restoration project consists of 14,883 hectares of which 3,000 hectares are in need of restoration and reforestation. The project is located on the shores of Laguna Panlao and Laguna de Términos in the state of Campeche, Mexico. Mangrove species within the project include Rhizophora mangle, Avicennia germinans, Laguncularia racemosa and Conocarpus erectus. Mangroves in Mexico have accounted for approximately 24 Tg CO₂e emissions over the last 20 years. Due to the desire to create pasture land and as of late palm oil, there is a high threat level to slash and burn the mangroves. The government of Campeche decreed that there should be 100,000 hectares of palm oil in the state and thus far they have planted 30,000. Palm oil plantations have sprung up next to the project area and offers have been given to the landowners to sell the land for palm oil development.
The project’s conservation and restoration activities will be conducted by local community members and will be trained by an experienced local cooperative managed by women. The project leadership will include local members as well as financial benefit streams will flow directly to local families. Carbon finance from avoided emissions and the local community participation in the restoration and reforestation activities will provide incentive for the locals to preserve and protect the mangroves. In addition to the direct employment, the environmental services that will be provided by the ecosystem once recovered will include quality of habitat for fish and birds, improved water quality, as well as carbon sequestration of more than 6.035 million tCO2e over the life of the project and another 3.150 million tCO2e from avoided emissions.
Relevant ecosystem services provided beyond carbon include ecotourism, scientific tourism, adventure tourism that includes sports fishing and bird watching. In addition, local fishing for food, sustainable commercial fishing, and production of honey will be further benefits to the local community. The area is biologically rich, where 15 vegetative associations, with a total of 374 species are found. Threatened floral species found the area includes the Bletia purpurea, Bravaisia integerrima, B. tublifora. Endangered flora species found include the orchid Habenaria bractescens. Fauna estimates suggest that there are at least 1,468 species, both terrestrial and aquatic. Among the aquatic mammals, in the reserve one can find bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) and manatees (Trichechus manatus). Endangered species include jaguar (Panthera onca), black-handed spider monkey (Ateles geoffroyi), American crocodile (Cocodrylus acutus) and Morelet’s crocodile (C. Moreletii). The hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), green turtle (Chelonia midas) and Kemp’s Ridley turtle (Lepidochelys kempi) are under special protection. Lastly, preserving urban wetlands in good condition, contribute to making cities and towns safer from the manifestations of climate change.
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Impacts
For a full list and explanation of each SDG, click here
SDG 1: No Poverty
Blue Carbon Projects employs local community members to work on project areas and perfrom conservation and restoration activities.
SDG 2: Zero Hunger
Restoring mangroves will create productive ecosystems, providing sufficient and nutritious food to local communities all year round.
SDG 5: Gender Equality
The Cooperatives we work with is 200% managed by women, with a amority-female work force. At the height of it’s activities, our cooperative has employed more than 800 community members.
SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
Mangrove restoration activities can create local income opportunities, providing full and productive employment for community members. The mangroves also provide an additional source of economic growth via potentially increased tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products.
SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
Mangroves help reduce the adverse effects of a natural disasters, like flooding, storm surges and soil erosion, ensuring the continued safe survival of populated areas.
SDG 13: Climate Action
Mangroves are highly effective in carbon sequestration. Mangroves allocate proportionally more carbon below-ground and have higher below- to above-ground carbon mass ratios than terrestrial trees. Most mangrove carbon is stored as large pools in soil and dead roots.
SDG 14: Life Below Water
Mangroves restoration will protect marine and coastal ecosystems, avoiding adverse impacts, and achieving healthy and productive oceans. Mangroves act as nurseries for many fish species, crustaceans, and mollusks. The project ensures the growth of their habitat and protects these biologically complex ecosystems.
SDG 15: Life On Land
Through planting mangroves on degraded lands, the soil organic contents and minerals will be increased, and vegetation cover will improve soil conditions, regaining healthy ecosystems which are ideal habitats for a variety of plant and animal species.